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It’s easy to become frustrated with Photoshop’s many features if you’re not sure of what you’re doing. To help you to make the most of your time using Photoshop and not to waste your time, here’s a rundown of what this program can do.
The primary function of Photoshop is toning. As long as you understand how to use toning to enhance or destroy an image (for a book on digital photography, see Chapter 3), you can make a great number of interesting images.
Toning (or toning and dodging) involves balancing and modifying the relative exposure of the highlights and shadows in an image to create a certain mood or to emphasize a particular element in an image.
Most of the time, toning is used to shift the mood from an image to one that’s more pleasing.
When you play with an image and make it lighter or darker, you can easily destroy it by applying a too-heavy toning. In addition, if you don’t use a toning that effectively contrasts light and dark areas, an image appears flat.
Sometimes you can create an image that could be called “S’mores-O-Mcroes-O-gates.” If you think about the relationship between flames and fireworks, the image in Figure 9-1 shows you how to darken the image to give it a warm glow (here’s the original image).
Photoshop’s settings for toning are located in the Adjustments panel.
**Figure 9-1:** Edit the exposure of the dark areas of an image to create a warm glow.
The Sepia Tone feature is found in the Adjustments panel. It’s a simple toning feature that gives an image a sepia tint, which, of course, is a traditional photograph tone.
Most photographers don’t use the Sepia Tone feature. However, if you need to take a sepia-tone image, you can simply duplicate a layer and then adjust the layer’s opacity to create the sepia-tone effect.
The Sepia Tone feature enables you to do just that. You can edit the levels of the layer, or you can create a Sepia tone adjustment layer and make adjustments to the Sepia Tone setting. Figure 9-2 shows you how to duplicate a layer and adjust the settings for the new layer. In fact, you can use this adjustment layer as many times as you like.
What is Photoshop Elements?
PSE’s interface is very similar to that of Photoshop. Its standard version costs $89.99. You can upgrade to Adobe Creative Cloud, which will cost you $49.99 for a one-year subscription.
You can download an installer package for the Windows version, a Microsoft.exe file, and.rpm file for the RPM-based Linux operating systems. All three versions include versions for both 32-bit and 64-bit operating systems.
How to Use Photoshop Elements
1. Using Elements’ Smart Preview
A screen shot of the Element Standard toolbar.
Photoshop Elements is designed to work fast. It can open, edit, apply, and store up to 1,000 layers without slowing down. The feature is called Smart Preview. It gives you a preview of all of your images in real time, so you don’t have to wait until you take all your images into the program.
The thumbnail of a typical image held by Photoshop Elements.
In most cases, you can see what your image looks like as soon as you click on it. If your computer has a slow processor or low RAM, though, you may need to wait a few seconds before the image appears in the viewfinder, as Elements loads the image.
You can get an idea of how your image will look in the final version of the software from the screen shot. Elements will automatically create a thumbnail from your image. Use the viewfinder to adjust the final version of the image.
You can take pictures and view images through the program. Use the Tabbed Toolbar at the top of the screen to select the tool you want to use.
Editing an image in Photoshop Elements.
Using the Spot Healing Brush
You can use the Spot Healing Brush to repair small problems in images, such as spots, stains, spots, scratches, smudges, or other blemishes. You can also use this tool to fill in missing areas in a photo to make it look more complete.
To repair an area, hold down the Ctrl key and select the spot to recover. Next, hold the Shift key and select the area around the spot. Elements will fill the selected area with the color of the other surrounding area.
Using the Spot Healing Brush.
You can use the Healing Brush with the regular brush to fix larger areas. It will also modify the
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A PC with 1 GB of RAM or higher
A GPU with at least DirectX 9 graphics card
Any CPU will work as well.
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